The relationship between warmer seas and stronger hurricanes
The world has experienced various types of hurricanes in the recent past. However, most of these hurricanes are normally associated with warm ocean waters. There are other factors that could result to hurricanes, but warmer water is more likely to be the major influence of the deadly hurricanes. Some hurricanes have less impacts on the environment while there those that are too strong and cause major catastrophes. Scientists have established that when the seas are warm, the oceans acquire more energy which can be converted into a tropical cyclone winds. This scientific project seeks to show how warmer water results into stronger hurricanes through various scientific processes.
Are Warmer Seas Creating Stronger Hurricanes?
This experiment did not require a lot of materials due to its nature. The researcher was required to have a computer with stable internet access and a printer.
The table summary of various storms was observed and the maximum length of the storms recorded. Each table and figure has various significant in the entire scientific study on the hurricanes.
The next step of the study was to locate the sea surface temperatures which were witnessed at a point where storm marked its peak. The moored buoys were used and contained sensors that were able to monitor specific ocean conditions. Several data results were collected and stored in scientific analysis.
The map above indicates the types of data found in the buoys collected. However, it was found out that not all the buoys would experience sea surface information on the temperature. The blue square show moored bouys. The data bouy are similar to the hurricane track map because they are mall indicated with latitudes and longitudes gridiron square at 50 intervals, while contacting the study, the grid squires were used as reference by location of the data bouy which was laying close to the hurricane track. From the map, it was discovered that bouy 42001 was closer to the location of hurricane Katrina located on 21st August 2005. After the results of sea surface temperature hurricane were collected and analyzed on the graphs y and x axis. The temperatures were on the y axis whereas the strength of hurricane was on the x axis. One graph was used to measure the strength of hurricane by applying pressure or speed. The other graph the measure of strength of hurricane was measured by application of Saffir-Simpson intensity at the scale of 1-5.
From the study, there is a clear relation between the sea surface temperature and the strength of hurricane. Both graphs have shown results which explain why the ocean’s surface takes warm air and in return exhaust colder air to the cyclone is a major cause of Hurricane. This results support the stronger believe in the hypothesis of the research. The study had results which focused on the subset of hurricanes that are found near their maximum possible intensity. For, instance, hurricane Katrina happened with a lot of force because from the map, the surface temperatures were at the peak. It can be observed that each storm loses some form of energy through inefficiency, thus by losing energy there storm has few chances.
From the experiment, the results indicate that other environmental factors do not presant any control on the kind of hurricane. The data from the Saffir-Simpsons scale show that hurricane intensity found in various tropical cyclones in the world in comparison to wind speed had some significant links between them. Tropical cyclones including tropical storm, typhoons and hurricanes happen only 90 times per year globally. The scientific research found out that most strong tropical cyclones continue to get stronger specifically at the Indian and Northern Atlantic.
It is evident that the increase in the world’s sea temperatures is the main contributor to the creation of stronger hurricanes. While some scientists have come up other theories about this subject matter, it still remains a fact that the major cause of stronger hurricane is the rise in temperature of sea. Studies have also shown that the average times the hurricane has been occurring since 1970 has doubled two more than 18% from 10%. This is a major environmental factor which should be addressed with urgent need to prevent future catastrophes associated with hurricanes. Category four have maintained winds to 155 mph from the initial figure of 133mph. category 5 which includes hurricane Katrina has maintained its winds at peak for more than 156mph.
Wilma which occurred last year set record as being the most powerful hurricane to have happened in the recent past. The speed of the wind which is associated with the strongest storm rose from an average of 140 mph in the year 198 to 156 in the year 2006. On the other hand oceanic temperatures have also increased tremendously in a short period of time thus influencing occurrence of hurricanes. For instance, the global temperatures have risen from 28.2 where tropical cyclones occur to 28.5 degrees Celsius.