Through the past decades burnout has become a global problem, the one of the reasons for the decrease in productivity of labor of the people working in various settings. But it’s a proven fact that teachers, medical and social workers are in much greater danger than those, who work with mechanisms instead of people. That’s why it’s vital for the nurses, who work in a school setting, to be acquainted with the strategies of dealing with this problem.
To begin with it I’ll cite the definition of burnout proposed by Christina Maslach, and Michael P. Leiter: “Burnout is used to describe a syndrome that goes beyond physical fatigue from overwork. Stress and emotional exhaustion are part of it, but the hallmark of burnout is the distancing that goes on in response to the overload.” According to the guide “School stuff burnout” published by the Center Quick Training Aid, burnout can be understood in terms of major human psychological needs which are the need to feel self-determining, to feel competent, and the need to feel inter-personally connected.
The problem of burnout is usually caused by the lack of motivation for the work completed. The solution proposed for this issue, given we are guided with the intrinsic motivational perspective, is that the good working environment has to give the opportunity for decision making, offer deserving compensation for the job done, and promote productive interpersonal professional relationship.
One of the keys for avoiding professional burnout at a school setting is a welcoming environment for both the nurses and their clients. The nurse should pay some efforts to make sure his/her subordinates working process is facilitated. It’s very important to create an atmosphere of mutual support for both the staff and the clients. What also helps to reduce the burnout effect is organizing and promoting social support programs for both new and old staff representatives.
To make the staff feel competent and productively laboring the programs providing additional education may also be helpful. These courses should address the new trends of nursing practice in a school setting, promoting the professionalism of the workers. They also may offer the keys to solving professional dilemmas and establishing good relationship with both the co-workers and clients.
It’s known that the lack of control over the one’s professional life is often the cause for burnout, so the staff should be empowered to influence on the decisions that immediately concern their working condition, and, what’s the most important, they should be granted with a meaningful opportunity to make that influence. The researchers found, that participating in the agency of groups and committees designed for that purpose enhances the quality of labor the staff performs. But in case the power of these groups is nominal, and they make little or no impact on the decision making processes, the participating staff often ends up with the enhancing burnout.
It’s obvious that not all the reasons for burnout can be eradicated easily, so that increasing the staff’s capacity to cope with the conditions of the workplace may also turn to be beneficial. Special stress literature can be used for these purposes, but inviting a specialist might also be helpful.
Burnout is a condition that affects negatively both the worker’s psychological and emotional condition and decreases the quality of his/her work. To avoid it or cope with it various strategies can be used, but organizing a welcoming environment, raising the staff’s educational level and giving the opportunities for decision making turned to be the most effective.