The protest of animal rights activist is an issue that is continuously over looked. Professor Gary L. Francione at Rutgers University School of Law brings to light the injustice that animals in the United States face in his speech “Animal Rights: The Future.” This speech was presented in 1996 and directed toward a general audience in hopes of encouraging them to recognize that animal rights issues are a problem and make a difference. Francione begins by noting the progress made on the position of animal rights by referring to recent surveys that show “that the majority of the population expresses some endorsement of the animal rights position.”
The professor continues painting a vivid picture of the horror endured by animals in the Unites states, “there are more animals being used in 1996—and in more horrific ways—than ever before. In the United States alone, over 8 billion animals are consumed for food every year.” Next he explains the process in which animals are changed into meat a process called intensive agriculture, which he describes as a “barbaric process.” He also includes the harsh conditions in which pigs, calves and various types of hen kept. With the lack of reinforcement from the government, researchers are allowed to perform “horrific experiments in which they [animals] are confined, cut, and so on without anesthesia.” The law says that anesthesia does not have to be used if it will interfere with the results of the experiment and is left to the discretion of the scientist.
Professor Francione points out the progress in favor of the animal rights movement, but he also acknowledge the advancement that still needs to be made. His general issue is that the suffering animals must undergo is unnecessary yet animals are still subjected to various experiments although the benefits cannot be stated. For example he discusses a mass killing of pigeons on Labor Day in Pennsylvania, where shooters paid 1 hundred dollars for the privilege to shot and harm the pigeons. In this case the courts refused to view the conduct as a violation of the states anticruelty law. This was not the only time the system failed to respond to the pleading of animal rights activist, yet their only response is that it is traditional or natural. Francione goes on to say the same excuse has been used before in history when dealing with human rights and social oppression.
The issue of animal rights maybe an unbeatable battle due to the country’s dependence on animals as well as other industries, which is actually a greater economic dependency on animals than the states in the south were on human slavery. Although there is great concern about animal rights, the government still depends on the profit too much to help the fight. The Gulf War was a big issue at the time the professor gave this speech. He goes on to say this with war at hand people are getting tired of cruelty to humans and animals giving him hope.
After describing the problem in a very detailed manner, Professor Francione gives six solutions he that will begin to change the treatment of animals in the United States. His solution deals with recognizing that animal rights means there is no moral justification for any institutionalized animal exploitation and that their protection cannot be sacrificed because humans believe the benefits outweigh the rights of animals. Also identifying the connection between animal rights and other movements for social justice so the same stand can be taken as is for other forms of discrimination. He continues by stressing the importance of education the people on the issue and volunteering to support the cause. With the government playing a large role in changing social oppression, Francione says if legislation is pursue we should seek to abolish particular forms of exploitation, such as the use of animals in psychological experiments. Finally he says, “Animal advocates should stop worrying about being labeled as ‘extremists’,” and implies that they should be more extreme.
In conclusion Professor Francione say the most important action to be taken to improve the treatment of animals is to stop looking for others to solve the problem and we must work together to make significant change.
The speaker beings his speech by noting the positive moves toward his goal to improve animal rights and refers to a survey to show positive opinion of the people. His use of a survey develops his creditability and also appeals to the audience logic or logos by providing evidence of progress and he will continue to do this later in his speech as he provides evidence of the governments neglect toward animal rights. His opening will allow the audience to see that he views both sides of the issue and is not criticizing the progress that was made.
After noting the positive aspects of his movement he states facts to show how that there has not been enough progress to impact the movement. He is very descriptive in explaining the conditions in which animals are kept as well as the process of turning animal into meat, this appeals to the audience’s emotions or pathos. By appealing to there emotions he establish sympathy for his cause.
Next he states his thesis and gives facts to prove his accuracy. Again he farther establishes his credibility by having example to complement his opinion and again appealing to logos. His example also appeals to ethos by describing the situation and the action taken he allows the audience to establish a reaction against the animals so they can see the lack of concern on the part of the government.
In the next paragraph he uses words like “us” to show identification. Words such as we and us allow the audience to feel as if they are on the same plane this allows unity and encourages the audience to side with the speaker. He also presents a rhetorical question that allows the audience to think with the speaker and to understand the way the speaker thinks. The speaker address issue that may go against his movement, preparing for resistance and then gives reasons why the fight is worth continuing a gives a few positive words to appeal to the audience’ emotions and to move them into making a difference.
After noting the problem he gives workable solutions in a logical manner this keeps the audience’s attention and the arrangement makes the material easy to retain. His closing is sweet and simple and emphasizes the intent of the speech and allows closure.